Sport scientists have released a new study showing that retired professional rugby players have poorer mental health outcomes later in life. There is believed to be a correlation between the high number of concussions in rugby that are sustained when compared to athletes in non-contact sports.
According to Complete Concussion Management, men’s rugby has the highest incidence of concussions on the field compared to all other sports, including American football and hockey. Elite rugby players experience 3.0 concussions per 1,000 AE (Athletic Exposure) matches, compared to 2.5 per AE in American football and 2.27 per 1,000 AE in women’s hockey. The concussion rate in youth rugby is even higher, at 4.18 concussions per 1,000 AE.
Concussion in Rugby: Multiple Injuries
Researchers have found that professional rugby players who suffered five or more concussions during their careers are nearly twice as likely to develop depression, anxiety and irritability later in life. Sustaining five or more concussions was also linked to hidden feelings of anger. Players who experienced three or more concussions were also more likely to become depressed and irritable, compared to players in non-contact sports.
Sleep Troubles & Refusal to Seek Help
The sport researchers have ruled out alcohol as a possible causal factor in these mental health outcomes. They say amateur rugby players and non-contact athletes who participated in the study had similar alcohol scores as the professional rugby players.
However, sleep disruption and deprivation were more common in retired professional rugby players. The study indicates they were 1.8 to 2.9 times more likely than other athletes to experience sleep disruption.
Another finding from the study of concussion in rugby found that 20 percent of retired rugby players would not seek professional help with the problems they are experiencing.
Concussion in Rugby Study Participants
This latest study involved 83 elite rugby retirees and 106 age-matched amateur rugby players. An additional 65 athletes from non-contact sports also participated in the study. All of the players were between the ages of 22 and 82, with a median age of 47. Research by the same team of scientists has previously found that retired rugby players continue to suffer from the high number of total injuries that they have sustained throughout their careers. Concussions were the most common injury that players had experienced in that study as well.
Long-Term Brain Health After Concussion in Rugby
Studies attempting to show a link between concussions in rugby and long-term negative psychological outcomes are still in their early stages. Scientists say more research is needed to determine whether concussions directly lead to negative neurobiological outcomes. The researchers admit that forced early retirement because of injuries could also lead to the symptoms that elite rugby players experience. While the study does not directly link head injuries with negative psychological outcomes, the researchers say it adds to the body of knowledge about concussion in rugby.
Recent research into the links between concussion in rugby and negative psychological outcomes later in life has led to new changes being implement by the International Rugby Players (IRP) and World Rugby. Both bodies have issued new guidance aimed at reducing injuries on the pitch during practice, and keeping players safe.